Industrial Building Redevelopment In Hong Kong
The expanded scope allows creative industries and music-related uses such as audio-visual recording studio, design and media production. However, because of fire safety considerations the uses concerned should not involve direct provision of customer services or goods. In addition, as at mid-June 2017, a total of 15 outline zoning plans have been amended to include “Art Studio ” as an always permitted use in industrial and industrial-office buildings in “I”, “Other Specified Uses” annotated “Business” and “Residential ” zones.
A building directly used in manufacturing or technically productive enterprises. Industrial buildings are not generally or typically accessible to other than workers. Industrial buildings include buildings used directly in the production of power, the manufacture of products, the mining of raw materials, and the storage of textiles, petroleum products, wood and paper products, chemicals, plastics, and metals. At approximately 100 kilometers from the capital of Badajoz, in the northern part of the province, the city of Don Benito is, with Villanueva de la Serena, the economic center of the Vegas Altas region in Extremadura.
As discussed, Hong Kong has been experiencing de-industrialisation during the last three decades since 1980s (see Fig. 1). With the demand for space for industrial use falling consistently in Hong Kong, many private flatted industrial buildings1 – the mainstream industrial space in Hong Kong – became vacant or under-utilised. It urged an exploration for other uses, giving rise to responses from private sector, public sector and the wider grassroots.
On the other side, London had the greatest cost for constructing a square meter of internal space in an industrial building. To construct one square meter of a basic warehouse in London was more expensive than to construct one square meter of a large warehouse distribution center in four of the other five other regions in the UK. However, under Hong Kong’s high-density development mode, fragmented ownership and technical difficulties have contributed to a high threshold of capital in revitalisation of flatted industrial buildings. The Booming speculation and rapidly rising prices make the situation worse and lead to an extremely high capital threshold in revitalisation.
The driven up costs of revitalisation projects frustrates some real estate developers’ incentives for application . In large-scale construction, most multistory industrial buildings have three to six floors and ceiling loads of 5–10 kN/m2. Modern multistory buildings usually have column networks of 6 m × 6 m, 9 m × 6 m, or 12 m × 6 m, and there is a tendency to use even more extended networks. In multistory buildings designed for processes with strict requirements for air purity and temperature and humidity stability, technical floors are constructed for engineering equipment and supply lines; the supply lines may be located within the trusses of intermediate floors. There is a tendency to make greater use of multistory industrial buildings in industrial construction because of the need to economize on urban sites and lands suitable for agricultural use. The new IB Revitalization Scheme includes six key measures facilitating the wholesale conversion, redevelopment and non-industrial uses of existing industrial buildings (“IBs”).
They usually house industrial works with heavy-duty production and handling equipment; works involved in the production of large and bulky items; or works in which excess heat, smoke, dust, and gases are released during operations. One-story industrial buildings create favorable conditions for the efficient organization of technological processes and the modernization of equipment. They allow the bases of heavy equipment and units with large dynamic loads to be placed directly on the ground and they also provide uniform illumination and natural ventilation of facilities by means of lighting and ventilation fixtures in the roof. Compared to multistory buildings, however, one-story buildings require larger areas and therefore larger expenditures to prepare building sites. The architectural design of industrial buildings depends mostly on how pronounced the standard features and characteristic lines of the structures are. Characteristic features include large and long facades; large, unbroken blank walls and glass surfaces, corresponding to a single, undivided internal space; and repeated faces of parallel spans.